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100+ Famous Paintings: Unveiling Extraordinary Art History Masterpieces

Welcome to the mesmerizing world of art, where brushstrokes convey emotions, colors tell stories, and masterpieces leave an everlasting imprint on our souls. In this blog post, we invite you to embark on a captivating journey through the annals of art history as we explore some of the most famous paintings ever created. From the enigmatic smile of Mona Lisa to the vibrant swirls of The Starry Night, prepare to be immersed in a realm where creativity knows no bounds.

Discover the remarkable power of these iconic artworks as we delve into the depths of their symbolism, technique, and historical significance. Each painting on this curated list represents a pinnacle of artistic achievement, transcending time and captivating generations of art enthusiasts. Join us as we unravel the stories behind these masterpieces, shedding light on the genius of the artists and the profound impact their works have had on the art world.

Let the following paintings serve as an important art history lesson or use them as inspiration for your next painting ideas. These timeless masterpieces use diverse mediums, ranging from the rich oils of the Renaissance, to the vivid acrylics paints of modern art, to delicate watercolors of the Impressionists. This post will invigorate you with knowledge and ignite your passion for the world of famous art.

1. Mona Lisa by Leonardo Davinci (1503 -1506)

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The Mona Lisa, created by Leonardo da Vinci during the Renaissance period (1503-1506), is one of the most famous and iconic portraits in the history of art. Painted in Florence, Italy, using the oil medium on a poplar wood panel (30 in tall by 20 in wide), it showcases da Vinci’s mastery of technique and his ability to capture the human form with remarkable precision. The painting’s subject, believed to be Lisa Gherardini, exudes a sense of enigmatic charm, with her subtle smile and captivating gaze.

In addition to its fame, the Mona Lisa has attracted some quirky anecdotes over the years. One such story is the theft of the painting in 1911, when it was stolen from the Louvre and remained missing for over two years. The theft created a media frenzy and propelled the painting’s fame even further.

Another intriguing aspect is the enigmatic smile of the subject, which has sparked countless interpretations and debates among art enthusiasts, scholars, and even scientists who have analyzed it using facial recognition software. The Mona Lisa’s allure and enduring popularity make it a true icon of the art world.

2. The Starry Night by Vincent van Gogh (1889)

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“Starry Night” by Vincent van Gogh is a renowned painting created during the artist’s stay at the Saint-Paul-de-Mausole asylum in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France. Painted in 1889, this masterpiece showcases Van Gogh’s signature style with its vibrant and expressive brushwork. The artwork, measuring approximately 29 x 36 inches, was executed using oil paint on canvas.

3. Whistler’s Mother by James McNeill Whistler

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James McNeill Whistler’s iconic portrait “Whistler’s Mother,” also known as “Arrangement in Grey and Black No. 1,” was created in 1871 using oil on canvas. This enduring image of maternal affection measures approximately 144.3 x 162.4 cm (56.8 x 64 inches). Its serene simplicity and universal themes have made it an emblem of motherhood and a timeless symbol of art. Its fame rests in its intimate portrayal and its status as an iconic American artwork.

4. American Gothic by Grant Wood

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“American Gothic” is a renowned painting by the American artist Grant Wood, completed in 1930. The artist used oil on beaverboard as the paint medium for this iconic work. Measuring approximately 78 cm × 65.3 cm (30+34 in × 25+34 in, the painting portrays a stern-looking farmer and his daughter standing in front of their house, depicting the essence of American rural life. Wood’s masterpiece is famous for its satirical portrayal of Midwestern Americana, capturing the spirit of the Great Depression era. As an American painter, “American Gothic” remains Grant Wood’s most famous and recognizable work, firmly establishing him as a leading figure in Regionalism, an art movement celebrating rural America during the early 20th century.

5. The Scream by Edvard Munch

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The Scream” by Edvard Munch is an iconic painting created by the Norwegian artist. Painted in 1893, Munch used a combination of oil, tempera, and pastel on cardboard to depict this haunting and emotionally charged artwork. It is housed at the National Gallery in Oslo, Norway. The painting measures 35 3/4 ” x 29 “.

Belonging to the Modern Expressionist movement, “The Scream” is an expressionistic masterpiece that embodies the anxiety, existential dread, and inner turmoil of the human condition. The central figure, with its distorted face and wide-open mouth, has become a universal symbol of despair and anguish. Munch’s use of vibrant colors and swirling lines adds to the intense and unsettling atmosphere of the painting.

6. The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo

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“The Creation of Adam” is a famous fresco painting by Michelangelo, created between 1508 and 1512. It is located in the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City, Rome. Michelangelo used the fresco technique, applying pigments to wet plaster, to bring this monumental artwork to life. Measuring approximately 2.8 m x 5.7 m, it is an impressive display of his talent.

This Renaissance masterpiece depicts God reaching out to touch the outstretched hand of Adam, capturing a key moment from the biblical creation story. The painting’s intricate details, dynamic composition, and emotional intensity showcase Michelangelo’s exceptional skill in portraying human anatomy and conveying profound spiritual themes. Michelangelo, an Italian artist, sculptor, and architect, is renowned for his contributions to the art world, with “The Creation of Adam” standing as one of his most iconic and recognizable works.

7. The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dalí

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“The Persistence of Memory” by Salvador Dalí, painted in 1931 in Port Lligat, Figueras, is an oil painting that showcases the artist’s unique style of surrealism. With its dreamlike imagery and melting clocks, the artwork challenges our perception of time and reality. Measuring 9.5 x 13 inches, it is a small yet impactful piece that has become one of Dalí’s most famous works. The Spanish painter’s eccentricity and imaginative vision shine through in this iconic masterpiece. The creature like figure in the centre of the painting is also said to be a self-portrait of the artist himself.

8. Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer

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“The Girl with a Pearl Earring” (Dutch: Meisje met de parel) by Johannes Vermeer is a renowned portrait painted around 1665. Created with oil on canvas, this masterpiece showcases Vermeer’s mastery in capturing light and exquisite detail. Measuring 44.5 x 39 cm (17.5″x15″), it is a relatively small but captivating artwork from the Dutch Golden Age. The enigmatic gaze and the striking pearl earring of the subject have made this painting an iconic and instantly recognizable piece. Vermeer, a Dutch painter of the 17th century, is celebrated for his intimate and luminous portrayals of everyday life, and “The Girl with a Pearl Earring” stands as one of his most famous and enigmatic works. Interestingly some have argued the earring is not in fact a pearl but made out of a tin metal material.

9. The Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli

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“The Birth of Venus” (Italian: Nascita di Venere) by Sandro Botticelli is a masterpiece of the Italian Renaissance, painted 1485–1486. Created with tempera on canvas, this iconic artwork depicts the goddess Venus emerging from the sea on a scallop shell. Measuring 1.72 m x 2.78 m, it is a sizeable piece that showcases Botticelli’s meticulous attention to detail and his graceful portrayal of the human figure. The painting is celebrated for its mythological subject matter, serene beauty, and the exquisite rendering of flowing drapery. Botticelli, an Italian painter from Florence, is widely recognized for this captivating masterpiece, which has become one of the most famous and enduring images in Western art history.

10. The Night Watch by Rembrandt

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“The Night Watch” is an iconic painting by Rembrandt van Rijn, a Dutch Golden Age artist, completed in 1642 during the Baroque period. This monumental artwork, measuring approximately 363 x 437 cm (12 feet by 14.5 feet), was created using oil paints and is prominently displayed at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Renowned for its dynamic composition, dramatic use of light and shadow, and the lively portrayal of the members of the civic guard, “The Night Watch” stands as one of Rembrandt’s most celebrated masterpieces and a symbol of Dutch Golden Age painting.

11. The Kiss by Gustav Klimt

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“The Kiss” is a famous painting by Gustav Klimt, an Austrian Symbolist painter, created between 1907 and 1908. This magnificent oil-on-canvas artwork, measuring 180 x 180 cm (1.8 m x 1.8 m), showcases Klimt’s signature style of decorative and sensual art, blending elements of symbolism and Art Nouveau. The painting depicts a couple locked in an intimate embrace, enveloped by ornate patterns and intricate details. The use of gold leaf in the background adds a luxurious and mystical quality to the piece, making it one of Klimt’s most renowned works. This masterpiece has become an iconic representation of love and romance, captivating art enthusiasts worldwide with its rich symbolism and enchanting beauty.

12. The Garden of Earthly Delights by Hieronymus Bosch

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“The Garden of Earthly Delights” is a mesmerizing triptych painting by Hieronymus Bosch, a Netherlandish Renaissance artist. This surrealism style art was painting between 1503 and 1515 with oil on oak panels. This masterpiece showcases Bosch’s imaginative and surreal vision of heaven, earth, and hell. The total size of the triptych is 205.5cm x384.9cm (81″ x 152″). Each panel presents a unique and intricate composition, filled with fantastical creatures, bizarre landscapes, and vivid colors. Bosch’s enigmatic symbolism and thought-provoking scenes have made “The Garden of Earthly Delights” one of the most celebrated and enigmatic works of art in history, inspiring countless interpretations and discussions.

13. The School of Athens by Raphael

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“The School of Athens” is a renowned fresco painted by the Italian artist Raphael between 1509 and 1511 during the High Renaissance era. Created in the Vatican’s Apostolic Palace, the artwork’s dimensions are approximately 500 x 770 cm (200 in × 300 in). Raphael employed fresco painting, a technique using water-based pigments on wet plaster, to achieve the stunning and vibrant colors. This masterpiece depicts a gathering of great philosophers, mathematicians, and scientist from different time periods, engaging in profound discussions and symbolizing the pursuit of knowledge and wisdom. Raphael’s exceptional skill in capturing the essence of each figure and his mastery of perspective contribute to the painting’s fame and lasting significance.

14. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon by Pablo Picasso

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“Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” is a groundbreaking painting by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, created in 1907 during the early stages of the Cubist movement. Measuring approximately 243.9 cm × 233.7 cm (96 in × 92 in), Picasso used oil on canvas as the paint medium for this iconic artwork. The painting’s name translates to “The Young Ladies of Avignon” and was inspired by the bohemian atmosphere of Barcelona’s red-light district. What makes this painting so famous is its radical departure from traditional artistic conventions, with its fragmented and distorted depiction of five female figures. This painting laid the foundation for the revolutionary Cubist art movement. Picasso, a Spanish painter, is widely recognized for his immense influence on modern art, and “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” remains one of his most renowned and provocative works.

15. The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci (1495-1498)

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“The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci is a monumental masterpiece created by the renowned Italian artist. Painted between 1495 and 1498, da Vinci employed tempera and oil on a large wall in the dining hall of the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy. The painting measures approximately 4.6 m x 8.8 m, covering an entire wall with its grandeur.

This iconic artwork belongs to the Renaissance era, a period known for its revival of classical art and humanist ideals. “The Last Supper” depicts the biblical scene of Jesus and his twelve disciples sharing a meal. Its fame stems from da Vinci’s remarkable ability to capture the emotional depth and individual expressions of each figure, along with his innovative use of perspective and composition.

16. The Raft of the Medusa by Théodore Géricault

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“The Raft of the Medusa” by Théodore Géricault, a French Romantic painter, is a dramatic oil painting completed in 1819. The artwork, measuring approximately 490 x 716 cm (16 ft 1 in × 23 ft 6 in), depicts the aftermath of a shipwreck, symbolizing human suffering and resilience. Géricault’s striking portrayal of despair and hope, coupled with his revolutionary use of composition and vivid details, places this masterpiece at the forefront of French Romanticism.

17. The Girl with a Balloon by Banksy

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“The Girl with a Balloon” by Banksy, a British street artist known for his thought-provoking works, is a captivating piece created using stencil and spray paint techniques. Painted around the early 2000s, its exact date remains a mystery, adding to the enigma that surrounds Banksy’s art.

This iconic image depicts a girl reaching out toward a red, heart-shaped balloon, symbolizing innocence, hope, and the fleeting nature of dreams. Measuring approximately 163 x 76 cm (64 x 30 inches), this artwork emerged during the street art movement, blending modern graffiti with socio-political commentary. The secretive identity of Banksy and the artwork’s powerful message have propelled it to global fame, sparking discussions on art’s role in society.

18. The Great Wave off Kanagawa by Katsushika Hokusai

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Crafted around 1831 during Japan’s Edo period, “The Great Wave off Kanagawa” is a woodblock print masterpiece by Katsushika Hokusai. This iconic work, measuring 25.7 x 37.8 cm (10 x 14.9 inches), captures the awe-inspiring power of a tsunami wave and its profound impact on humanity. It stands as a symbol of nature’s might and human vulnerability, reflecting the delicate balance between humans and the forces of the natural world.

19. Marilyn Diptych by Andy Warhol

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Measuring 205.4 x 289.6 cm (80.9 x 114 inches), “Marilyn Diptych” is an acrylic masterpiece created in 1962 by Andy Warhol. Through the repetition of Marilyn Monroe’s image, Warhol delves into consumer culture and the ephemeral nature of fame, making a profound statement on modern society. This iconic work, a hallmark of Pop Art, explores the complexities of celebrity obsession, life, and mortality on a larger-than-life canvas.

20. Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh

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Vincent van Gogh’s “Sunflowers,” painted in 1888 and measuring 95.3 x 73.5 cm (37.5 x 28.9 inches), is a vibrant series of still-life depictions. This oil masterpiece showcases van Gogh’s emotional intensity and mastery of color, capturing the essence of his inner turmoil and brilliance. The sunflowers, symbolizing vitality and the cycle of life, radiate with vivid energy and reflect the artist’s emotional depth.

21. Black Square by Kazimir Malevich

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Measuring 79.5 x 79.5 cm (31.3 x 31.3 inches), Kazimir Malevich’s “Black Square” is a groundbreaking work of Suprematism created in 1915. This simple yet profound masterpiece challenges conventional notions of art with its stark black square on a white canvas. It invites contemplation on the essence of creativity and meaning, leaving a lasting impact on the art world as an emblem of artistic revolution.

22. Tableau I by Piet Mondrian

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Piet Mondrian’s “Tableau I,” an oil artwork measuring 73.6 x 73.6 cm (29 x 29 inches) and painted in 1921, stands as a pinnacle of the De Stijl movement and Neoplasticism. Using primary colors and geometric shapes, Mondrian evokes universal harmony and order. This iconic piece reflects the artist’s pursuit of purity and balance, capturing the essence of abstraction and modernism.

23. Convergence by Jackson Pollock

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Jackson Pollock’s “Convergence,” an abstract expressionist masterpiece measuring 237 x 395 cm (93.3 x 155.6 inches), was created in 1952. Its energetic and chaotic composition, characterized by drips and splatters, redefined the boundaries of art. This iconic piece, with its dynamic interplay of color and form, embodies Pollock’s innovative approach and his exploration of the subconscious.

24. Annunciation by Jan van Eyck

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Jan van Eyck’s “Annunciation,” painted in the 15th century and measuring 93 x 37 cm (36.6 x 14.6 inches), is a prime example of Northern Renaissance artistry. This oil masterpiece captures the divine moment of angel Gabriel’s revelation to the Virgin Mary. The intricate details and symbolism showcase van Eyck’s exceptional skill and religious devotion, making it a treasured portrayal of faith.

25. Children’s Games by Pieter Bruegel the Elder

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Pieter Bruegel the Elder’s “Children’s Games,” a vibrant depiction of childhood activities, measures 118 x 161 cm (46.5 x 63.4 inches) and was painted in 1560. This Renaissance artwork offers a delightful snapshot of daily life, revealing Bruegel’s keen observation and social commentary. With its rich tapestry of scenes, it reflects the joys and challenges of growing up in a bygone era.

26. Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci

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Leonardo da Vinci’s “Vitruvian Man,” sketched around 1490, is a celebrated representation of the human body’s proportions and symmetry. Measuring 34.4 x 25.5 cm (13.5 x 10 inches), this pen and ink study exemplifies da Vinci’s pursuit of scientific understanding and artistic excellence. The fusion of art and science in this work continues to inspire and symbolize the beauty of human form.

27. Impression, Sunrise by Claude Monet

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Claude Monet’s “Impression, Sunrise,” measuring 48 x 63 cm (18.9 x 24.8 inches) and painted in 1872, is a cornerstone of Impressionism. This oil masterpiece captures a hazy dawn over the Le Havre harbor, showcasing Monet’s innovative technique of capturing light and atmosphere. The term “Impressionism” itself stems from this work, which encapsulates the movement’s emphasis on fleeting moments and sensory perception.

28. Woman with a Parasol – Madame Monet and Her Son by Claude Monet

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Measuring 100 x 81 cm (39.4 x 31.9 inches), Claude Monet’s “Woman with a Parasol – Madame Monet and Her Son,” painted in 1875, epitomizes Impressionist portraiture. This oil masterpiece portrays Monet’s wife and son in a candid outdoor moment, capturing the interplay of light and movement. Its casual elegance and vibrant brushwork evoke a sense of spontaneity and intimacy.

29. The Hay Wain by John Constable

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John Constable’s “The Hay Wain,” measuring 130.8 x 185.4 cm (51.5 x 73 inches), is a quintessential example of Romantic landscape art, painted in 1821. This oil masterpiece depicts a pastoral scene along the River Stour, showcasing Constable’s devotion to capturing the beauty of nature. Its intricate details and serene beauty embody the artist’s deep connection to the English countryside.

30. View of Toledo by El Greco

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El Greco’s “View of Toledo,” an evocative cityscape, measures 47.8 x 42.8 cm (18.8 x 16.9 inches) and was painted around 1596-1600. This oil masterpiece conveys a dramatic and spiritual atmosphere, reflecting El Greco’s distinctive style and emotional intensity. The contrast between light and shadow and the unique perspective contribute to its mystique and enduring allure.

31. The Oxbow by Thomas Cole

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Measuring 130.8 x 193 cm (51.5 x 76 inches), “The Oxbow” by Thomas Cole, painted in 1836, is a seminal work of the Hudson River School. This oil masterpiece juxtaposes the pristine wilderness with human cultivation, inviting contemplation on the relationship between man and nature. Cole’s visionary portrayal and allegorical elements make it a seminal example of American landscape art.

32. The Monk by the Sea by Caspar David Friedrich

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Caspar David Friedrich’s “The Monk by the Sea,” an oil masterpiece measuring 110.4 x 171 cm (43.5 x 67.3 inches), was painted in 1809. This Romantic artwork captures the sublime vastness of nature, emphasizing the insignificance of human presence. The monk’s solitary contemplation against the backdrop of sea and sky evokes a sense of existential awe and introspection.

33. The Grand Canal and the Church of the Salute by Canaletto

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Canaletto’s “The Grand Canal and the Church of the Salute,” an 18th-century masterpiece, captures Venice’s charm. Measuring 168.3 x 120.4 cm (66.3 x 47.4 inches), this oil artwork reflects his meticulous detail and perspective. The city’s iconic landmarks and luminous waterways come alive, showcasing Canaletto’s brilliance as a vedute painter.

34. Wheatfield with Crows by Vincent van Gogh

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Vincent van Gogh’s “Wheatfield with Crows,” a poignant portrayal of nature’s majesty, measures 50.5 x 103 cm (19.9 x 40.6 inches). Painted in 1890, this oil masterpiece reflects his emotional intensity. The dramatic sky and crows’ flight evoke his inner turmoil, inviting contemplation on life’s fleeting beauty and profound depths.

35. Morning in a Pine Forest by Ivan Shishkin and Konstantin Savitsky

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“Morning in a Pine Forest” by Ivan Shishkin and Konstantin Savitsky, measuring 139 x 213 cm (54.7 x 83.9 inches), is a prime example of Russian Realism. Painted in 1889, this oil artwork captures the forest’s tranquility and animal life. The collaborative masterpiece reveals their mastery in depicting nature’s harmony.

36. Suprematist Composition by Kazimir Malevich

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Kazimir Malevich’s “Suprematist Composition,” an avant-garde masterpiece, measures 60 x 50 cm (23.6 x 19.7 inches) and was created in 1915. This abstract artwork embodies the Suprematist movement’s essence, emphasizing geometric shapes and primary colors. Malevich’s groundbreaking approach revolutionized modern art.

37. Broadway Boogie Woogie by Piet Mondrian

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Piet Mondrian’s “Broadway Boogie Woogie,” measuring 127 x 127 cm (50 x 50 inches), is a seminal work of De Stijl movement. Created in 1942-43, this abstract masterpiece celebrates New York City’s dynamism. The grid of colored squares reflects urban rhythm and Mondrian’s quest for universal harmony.

38. Composition VII by Wassily Kandinsky

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Measuring 200 x 300 cm (78.7 x 118.1 inches), Wassily Kandinsky’s “Composition VII” is a pinnacle of abstract art. Painted in 1913, this oil artwork embodies his synesthetic approach, translating music into visual forms. The vibrant colors and dynamic forms ignite emotional resonance and invite diverse interpretations.

39. Mountains and Sea by Helen Frankenthaler

Helen Frankenthaler’s “Mountains and Sea,” an influential work of Color Field painting, measures 221 x 297 cm (87 x 117 inches). Painted in 1952, this oil artwork showcases her innovative “soak-stain” technique. The luminous colors and fluid forms evoke a sense of expansive nature and emotional depth.

40. No. 61 (Rust and Blue) by Mark Rothko

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Mark Rothko’s “No. 61 (Rust and Blue),” a quintessential example of Color Field art, measures 236.2 x 134.6 cm (93 x 53 inches). Painted in 1953, this oil masterpiece invites contemplation on color’s emotional impact. The subtle interaction of rust and blue hues creates a transcendent and meditative experience.

41. Full Fathom Five by Jackson Pollock

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Jackson Pollock’s “Full Fathom Five,” measuring 50.2 x 61.3 cm (19.8 x 24.1 inches), is a pioneering work of Abstract Expressionism. Created in 1947, this mixed-media artwork challenges traditional forms. Embedded objects and gestural paint strokes form a complex texture, revealing Pollock’s revolutionary approach.

42. Irises by Vincent Van Gogh

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“Irises” by Vincent Van Gogh, an 1890 oil masterpiece measuring 71 x 93 cm (28 x 36.6 inches), conveys his emotional intensity. Amidst vibrant blooms, Van Gogh’s distinctive brushwork captures his inner turmoil and reverence for nature. The artwork’s vivid colors and expressive style reveal his unique artistic voice.

43. Lilacs in a Window by Mary Cassatt

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Mary Cassatt’s “Lilacs in a Window,” measuring 81.9 x 65.4 cm (32.2 x 25.7 inches), is a hallmark of Impressionist portraiture. Painted in 1880-1883, this oil artwork portrays a woman amidst lilacs’ beauty. Cassatt’s tender depiction and play of light celebrate everyday moments and female subjectivity.

44. Still Life of Flowers by Ambrosius Bosschaert

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“Still Life of Flowers” by Ambrosius Bosschaert, an early Dutch master, measures 98.4 x 76.4 cm (38.7 x 30.1 inches). Painted in 1614, this oil masterpiece showcases his meticulous detail and exquisite colors. The arrangement of various blooms epitomizes Dutch Golden Age floral still life.

45. Flowers in a Crystal Vase by Édouard Manet

Édouard Manet’s “Flowers in a Crystal Vase” (1882), an oil painting of the Realism era, measures 73 x 50 cm (28.7 x 19.7 inches). This exquisite still life, with its mix of fresh and wilted flowers, is a testament to Manet’s artistic prowess and his ability to capture both beauty and decay in intricate detail. The painting’s remarkable realism and delicate rendering of textures have earned it a place of admiration among art enthusiasts.

46. Flowers in a Vase by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

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Pierre-Auguste Renoir’s “Flowers in a Vase” (1866), an Impressionist masterpiece, measures 64 x 54 cm (25.2 x 21.3 inches). Renoir’s loose brushwork and vibrant color palette infuse life and movement into the bouquet, exemplifying his signature style of capturing the fleeting beauty of everyday scenes. The painting’s celebration of nature’s transitory charm and Renoir’s unique approach to light and form have contributed to its enduring fame.

47. Young Hare by Albrecht Dürer

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Albrecht Dürer’s “Young Hare” (1502), a watercolor and gouache painting from the Renaissance era, measures 25.1 x 22.6 cm (9.9 x 8.9 inches). This astonishingly realistic depiction showcases Dürer’s meticulous attention to detail, elevating a simple subject into a work of artistic precision. The painting’s lifelike representation of the hare and Dürer’s pioneering techniques have made it an iconic example of naturalistic art.

48. Great Piece of Turf by Albrecht Dürer

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Albrecht Dürer’s “Great Piece of Turf” (1503), a watercolor painting from the Renaissance period, measures 41.3 x 31.1 cm (16.3 x 12.2 inches). Often considered a precursor to ecological art, Dürer’s meticulous study of grass and plants demonstrates his keen observational skills and scientific approach. The painting’s groundbreaking focus on botanical accuracy and its influence on the study of nature make it a significant work in the history of art.

49. The Ancient of Days by William Blake

William Blake’s “The Ancient of Days” (1794), an illuminated etching from the Romantic era, measures 23.5 x 16.5 cm (9.3 x 6.5 inches). This symbolic artwork, with its intricate details and visionary themes, captures Blake’s unique blend of mysticism, spirituality, and artistic innovation. The painting’s enigmatic portrayal of a divine figure shaping the universe reflects Blake’s exploration of metaphysical concepts and has contributed to its lasting renown.

50. The Maiden by Gustav Klimt

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Gustav Klimt’s “The Maiden” (1913), a portrait painting from the Art Nouveau movement, measures 201 x 81 cm (79.1 x 31.9 inches). Klimt’s use of gold leaf and ornate patterns, characteristic of his style, transforms the maiden into a mesmerizing and enigmatic figure. The painting’s opulent aesthetic and Klimt’s exploration of sensuality and symbolism have cemented its status as a quintessential example of Art Nouveau.

51. Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird by Frida Kahlo

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Frida Kahlo’s “Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird” (1940), a surrealist self-portrait, measures 61 x 47 cm (24 x 18.5 inches). This deeply personal artwork, with its symbolic elements and vibrant colors, embodies Kahlo’s exploration of pain, identity, and resilience. The painting’s raw emotional intensity and Kahlo’s unflinching self-expression have made it an iconic representation of her life and art.

52. Las dos Fridas (The Two Fridas) by Frida Kahlo

This captivating masterpiece, “Las dos Fridas” (The Two Fridas) by Frida Kahlo, was painted in 1939 using oil on canvas. Measuring approximately 173 x 173 cm (68 x 68 inches), the artwork vividly portrays Frida Kahlo split into two distinct selves, symbolizing her dual Mexican and European heritage. Painted during the surrealist movement, this oil painting encapsulates Kahlo’s emotional depth and unapologetic self-expression. Its fame lies in its poignant exploration of identity and cultural duality.

53. Epopeya del pueblo mexicano by Diego Rivera

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Diego Rivera’s monumental fresco “Epopeya del pueblo mexicano” captures the essence of Mexican history. Painted from 1929 to 1935 in fresco style, this masterpiece adorns the National Palace in Mexico City. Spanning around 15 x 15 meters, it showcases Rivera’s distinctive style and his commitment to portraying the struggles and triumphs of the Mexican people. Its fame stems from its grand scale, detailed narrative, and celebration of Mexican heritage.

54. Three Musicians by Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso’s “Three Musicians,” completed in 1921 using oil on canvas, is a striking example of Synthetic Cubism. This vibrant oil painting, measuring approximately 200 x 222 cm (79 x 87 inches), features abstracted figures playing musical instruments. Its fragmented forms and bold colors exemplify Picasso’s revolutionary approach to depicting reality through multiple perspectives. Its fame rests in its innovative Cubist style and exploration of artistic possibilities.

55. A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte by Georges Seurat

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Art Institute of Chicago

Georges Seurat’s “A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte,” painted in 1884-1886 using oil on canvas, is a masterpiece of Pointillism. Measuring around 207 x 308 cm (81 x 121 inches), it consists of countless meticulously applied dots. This serene scene of leisure along the Seine River is an iconic representation of 19th-century Parisian life. Its fame lies in its meticulous technique and its pioneering role in the Pointillist movement.

56. Guernica by Pablo Picasso

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia Commons/

Guernica by Pablo Picasso, painted in 1937 in his home in Paris, is an iconic artwork created with oil paint on a large canvas. The Spanish painter created this masterpiece as a powerful symbol and reminder of the suffering caused by the bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. Picasso’s Cubist style and his bold use of monochromatic tones enhance the emotional impact of the painting. With its monumental size of 3.49 m x 7.77 m, Guernica is an artistic masterpiece that captures the devastation and anguish of war, making it one of Picasso’s most renowned works.

57. Water Lilies by Claude Monet

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Metropolitan Museum of Art

Claude Monet’s “Water Lilies” series, painted from the late 19th to early 20th century using oil on canvas, is a hallmark of Impressionism. These enchanting oil paintings, with varying dimensions, depict serene water gardens in Giverny, France. Monet’s exploration of light and color, coupled with his unique perspective, captures the fleeting beauty of nature. Their fame stems from their revolutionary style and their profound influence on the art world.

58. The Flower Carrier by Diego Rivera

Photograph: Courtesy of

Diego Rivera’s “The Flower Carrier,” created in 1935 using oil on canvas, is a poignant portrayal of labor and culture. This powerful oil painting, measuring approximately 121 x 164 cm (47.6 x 64.6 inches), conveys the weight of tradition and the resilience of the Mexican people. Rivera’s bold colors and compassionate narrative contribute to its enduring impact. Its fame lies in its depiction of Mexican identity and its role in the Mexican Muralism movement.

59. Café Terrace at Night by Vincent van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh’s “Café Terrace at Night,” painted in 1888 using oil on canvas, is a mesmerizing example of Post-Impressionism. Measuring around 81 x 65.5 cm (32 x 25.8 inches), this expressive artwork captures the bustling energy of a café in Arles, France. Van Gogh’s dynamic use of light and color elevates the ordinary scene into a vibrant nocturnal masterpiece. Its fame rests in its evocative atmosphere and its reflection of van Gogh’s emotional intensity.

60. The Son of Man by René Magritte

René Magritte’s enigmatic self-portrait “The Son of Man,” created in 1964 using oil on canvas, is a cornerstone of Surrealism. This thought-provoking painting, measuring approximately 116 x 89 cm (45.7 x 35 inches), features a bowler-hatted man with his face obscured by a hovering green apple. Magritte’s exploration of identity and hidden truths continues to intrigue and challenge viewers worldwide. Its fame lies in its mysterious symbolism and its embodiment of Surrealist principles.

61. No. 5, 1948 by Jackson Pollock

Photograph: Courtesy No. 5, 1948 – Wikipedia:

“No. 5, 1948” by Jackson Pollock, created in 1948 using oil, enamel, and aluminum paint on canvas, is an iconic example of Abstract Expressionism. This monumental work, measuring about 243.8 x 121.9 cm (96 x 48 inches), showcases Pollock’s unique “drip” technique. Its fame lies in its innovative approach to composition and its representation of the artist’s emotional intensity.

62. Bal du moulin de la Galette by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Photograph: Courtesy Japan Times

Pierre-Auguste Renoir’s vibrant masterpiece, “Bal du moulin de la Galette,” was painted in 1876 using oil on canvas. Measuring approximately 131 x 175 cm (51.6 x 68.9 inches), it depicts a lively scene at a Parisian dance hall. Renoir’s loose brushwork and depiction of leisure capture the essence of Impressionism. Its fame rests in its celebration of everyday life and its portrayal of a fleeting moment.

63. The Ninth Wave by Ivan Aivazovsky

Photograph: Courtesy Google Cultural Institute

Ivan Aivazovsky’s marine masterpiece, “The Ninth Wave,” was painted in 1850 using oil on canvas. Measuring approximately 221 x 332 cm (87 x 130.7 inches), it portrays a shipwrecked crew struggling amidst turbulent waves. Aivazovsky’s mastery of light and sea captures the sublime power of nature. Its fame rests in its evocative depiction of the sea’s majesty and danger.

64. Salvator Mundi by Leonardo da Vinci

Photograph: Courtesy Getty Images

Leonardo da Vinci’s enigmatic artwork, “Salvator Mundi,” was painted around 1500 using oil on walnut panel. Measuring about 45.4 x 65.6 cm (25.8 x 18.9 inches), it depicts Christ as Savior of the World. Leonardo’s precision and sfumato technique create a sense of ethereal beauty. Its fame lies in its rarity as one of Leonardo’s few surviving paintings and its record-breaking auction price.

65. A Bigger Splash by David Hockney

Photograph: Courtesy Collection of Tate, London

David Hockney’s iconic pop art piece, “A Bigger Splash,” was created in 1967 using acrylic paint on canvas. Measuring approximately 242.5 x 243.9 cm (95.5 x 96 inches), it depicts a stylized California swimming pool scene. Hockney’s bold colors and flat forms epitomize Pop Art. Its fame rests in its vibrant depiction of modern leisure and its influence on contemporary art.

66. Grande Odalisque by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

Photograph: Courtesy

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres’ sensual masterpiece, “Grande Odalisque,” was painted in 1814 using oil on canvas. Measuring around 91 x 162 cm (35.8 x 63.8 inches), it portrays a reclining female figure. Ingres’ meticulous draftsmanship and exoticism reflect Neoclassical and Orientalist influences. Its fame lies in its idealized sensuality and its subversion of traditional female nudes.

67. Christina’s World by Andrew Wyeth

Photograph: courtesy Christina’s World by Andrew Wyeth1948, via Museum of Modern Art, New York

Andrew Wyeth’s evocative artwork, “Christina’s World,” was created in 1948 using tempera on gessoed panel. Measuring approximately 81.9 x 121.3 cm (32.2 x 47.8 inches), it depicts a woman lying in a field. Wyeth’s meticulous rendering and sense of isolation characterize American Realism. Its fame rests in its haunting mood and its resonance as an emblem of rural American life.

68. The Painter of Sunflowers by Paul Gauguin

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/The Yorck Project (2002) 

Paul Gauguin’s introspective self-portrait, “The Painter of Sunflowers,” was painted in 1888 using oil on canvas. Measuring about 46 x 38 cm (18.1 x 15 inches), it captures Gauguin’s likeness with vibrant colors and symbolic elements. Gauguin’s embrace of Post-Impressionism and his exploration of primitivism contribute to its fame, along with its reflection of the artist’s quest for artistic identity.

69. Almond Blossom by Vincent van Gogh

Photograph: Courtesy Resolver

Painted in 1890, “Almond Blossom” is an oil on canvas masterpiece by Vincent van Gogh. This painting measures 73.3 x 92.4 cm (28.9 x 36.4 inches) and embodies the artist’s signature Post-Impressionist style. With delicate blossoms set against a vivid blue sky, van Gogh’s creation celebrates new beginnings and hope. The expressive brushwork and vibrant colors contribute to the painting’s timeless fame.

70. Three Black Cats 1955 by Maud Lewis

Photograph: Courtesy

Maud Lewis’ “Three Black Cats,” painted in 1955, showcases her unique style of Naïve Art in oil on board. Measuring 25.4 x 30.5 cm (10 x 12 inches), it captures the essence of rural life with charming simplicity. Lewis’ endearing depiction of three cats against a colorful background exudes warmth and innocence. Despite physical challenges, she created remarkable works that resonate with art enthusiasts worldwide.

71. The Joy of Life by Henri Matisse

Photograph: courtesy Le Bonheur de vivre Barnes 

Henri Matisse’s “The Joy of Life,” completed between 1905 and 1906, is a monumental work of Fauvism in oil on canvas. Measuring 176.5 x 240.7 cm (69.5 x 94.8 inches), it bursts with vibrant colors and a celebration of sensuality. This painting is famous for capturing the Fauvist spirit, where color takes precedence over traditional representation. Its boldness and innovative approach mark it as an iconic piece of early 20th-century art.

72. The Sistine Chapel Ceiling by Michelangelo

Photograph: courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Jörg Bittner Unna

Michelangelo’s masterpiece, “The Sistine Chapel Ceiling,” was painted between 1508 and 1512 using fresco technique. This stunning fresco covers the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City. Michelangelo’s exceptional use of fresco technique creates a mesmerizing visual narrative, including the renowned “Creation of Adam.” The ceiling’s monumental scale and artistic mastery make it a globally recognized symbol of High Renaissance art and human achievement.

73. The Last Judgment by Michelangelo

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia

Also by Michelangelo, “The Last Judgment” was created between 1536 and 1541, covering the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in fresco. This painting, an example of Mannerism, depicts the final judgment as described in Christian theology. Spanning a colossal scale, it showcases Michelangelo’s anatomical precision and emotive figures. The painting’s intricate detailing and spiritual significance contribute to its enduring fame.

74. The Arnolfini Portrait by Jan van Eyck

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia

Jan van Eyck’s “The Arnolfini Portrait,” painted in 1434, is a masterpiece of Northern Renaissance art in oil on oak panel. This painting measures 82.2 x 60 cm (32.4 x 23.6 inches) and features meticulous detail, including the convex mirror that reflects the couple and two witnesses. Celebrated for its symbolism and naturalistic precision, the artwork offers a glimpse into the daily life and customs of the time.

75. Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Galería online

Diego Velázquez’s “Las Meninas,” painted in 1656, is a masterpiece of the Spanish Baroque era. The oil-on-canvas artwork, measuring 318 x 276 cm (125.2 x 108.7 inches), captures a dynamic scene in the Spanish royal court, blurring the line between the viewer and the subjects. Its intricate composition, remarkable use of light and shadow, and the artist’s presence within the painting contribute to its enduring fascination.

76. Luncheon of the Boating Party by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/

Pierre-Auguste Renoir’s “Luncheon of the Boating Party,” created in 1880-1881, exemplifies Impressionism. This oil-on-canvas masterpiece, measuring 129.5 x 172.7 cm (51 x 68 inches), depicts a lively gathering of people at a Parisian restaurant along the Seine River. The painting’s vibrant colors, depiction of leisure, and skillful capture of light showcase Renoir’s mastery. Its portrayal of a convivial atmosphere makes it an iconic representation of the Belle Époque.

77. Wanderer above the Sea of Fog by Caspar David Friedrich

Painted in 1818, this masterpiece by the German artist Caspar David Friedrich is an iconic representation of Romanticism. Created with oil on canvas and measuring 98.4 x 74.8 cm (38.7 x 29.4 inches), the painting is renowned for its awe-inspiring depiction of a solitary figure gazing out over a sea of mist-covered peaks. Friedrich’s work evokes a sense of solitude, wanderlust, and the sublime, capturing the deep spiritual connection between humanity and the natural world. The use of light and shadow, along with the towering landscapes, makes this artwork a symbol of individualism and the human bond with nature.

78. The Happy Accidents Of The Swing by Jean-Honore Fragonard

Photograph: Courtesy/The Wallace Collection

Created by Jean-Honoré Fragonard around 1767, “The Happy Accidents of the Swing” epitomizes Rococo art. This oil-on-canvas painting, measuring 81 x 64.2 cm (31.9 x 25.3 inches), captures a whimsical and flirtatious scene as a young woman swings while her lover playfully looks beneath her dress. The work’s graceful execution, delicate palette, and depiction of carefree indulgence reflect the Rococo spirit. Its combination of playfulness and sensual undertones has solidified its status as a quintessential Rococo masterpiece.

79. The Liberty Leading The People by Eugene Delacroix

Eugène Delacroix’s “The Liberty Leading the People,” completed in 1830, is a powerful Romantic depiction of the July Revolution in France. This oil-on-canvas artwork, measuring 260 x 325 cm (102.4 x 128 inches), portrays Liberty personified leading a diverse group of revolutionaries. Its dramatic composition, emotive use of color, and patriotic symbolism capture the spirit of the time. The painting’s representation of political fervor and the fight for freedom has made it an enduring emblem of revolution.

80. Napoleon Crossing The Alps by Jacques-Louis David

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia

Jacques-Louis David’s “Napoleon Crossing the Alps,” painted in 1801, is an iconic representation of the French Emperor’s determination. This oil-on-canvas masterpiece, measuring 261 x 221 cm (102.8 x 87 inches), portrays Napoleon Bonaparte on horseback, surrounded by a majestic landscape. Its heroic style, meticulous detail, and symbolic elements reflect Neoclassical art. The painting’s idealized portrayal of leadership and ambition aligns with Napoleon’s self-image, contributing to its lasting impact.

81. Musicians by Caravaggio

Photgraph: Courtesy

Caravaggio’s “Musicians,” painted around 1595, is a significant work of Italian Baroque art. This oil-on-canvas painting, measuring 92.1 x 118.4 cm (36.3 x 46.6 inches), presents a group of young musicians playing various instruments. Caravaggio’s distinctive use of light and shadow, as well as his naturalistic portrayal, characterizes the Baroque aesthetic. The painting’s fusion of ordinary subjects with profound realism and the artist’s signature chiaroscuro technique make it an emblem of Baroque innovation.

82. The Sleeping Gypsy by Henri Rousseau

Photograph: Courtesy Oakenchips

Henri Rousseau’s “The Sleeping Gypsy,” completed in 1897, exemplifies his unique style of naive art. This oil-on-canvas artwork, measuring 129.5 x 200.7 cm (51 x 79 inches), portrays a mysterious sleeping figure in a desert landscape. Rousseau’s dreamlike imagery, vibrant colors, and intricate details contribute to the painting’s enigmatic allure. The work’s blend of fantasy and reality, along with its imaginative storytelling, has captured the fascination of art enthusiasts for generations.

83. The Triumph of Galatea by Raphael

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Web Gallery of Art

“The Triumph of Galatea” painted by Raphael in 1512 is a remarkable fresco located in the Villa Farnesina, Rome, Italy. This Renaissance masterpiece, measuring approximately 280 x 225 cm (110 x 88.6 inches), captures the mythological beauty of Galatea, a sea nymph, in a composition that showcases Raphael’s artistic prowess. The painting is celebrated for its intricate details and idealized portrayal of the subject, highlighting Raphael’s mastery of form and mythological themes.

84. Pensive Lady in Pink (Morning Sun) by Edward Hopper

Photograph: courtesy

Edward Hopper’s “Pensive Lady in Pink (Morning Sun)” created in 1952 is a captivating example of Realism. This oil on canvas piece, measuring around 100 x 150 cm (39.4 x 59 inches) and currently held in a private collection, bathes a woman in morning light, evoking solitude and introspection. The painting is renowned for its contemplative mood, emphasizing the quiet moments of human experience and reflecting the post-World War II era.

85. The Madonna with Saint Giovannino by Domenico Ghirlandaio

Photograph: Courtesy

Domenico Ghirlandaio’s “The Madonna with Saint Giovannino,” a late 15th-century tempera on panel artwork located in Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy, measures approximately 74 x 57 cm (29.1 x 22.4 inches). This Renaissance masterpiece has sparked discussions about early depictions of extraterrestrial encounters in art, intriguingly merging religious and speculative elements.

86. The Bus by Frida Kahlo

Photograph: courtesy

Frida Kahlo’s “The Bus,” a 1929 oil-on-metal painting measuring about 30 x 39 cm (11.8 x 15.4 inches), resides in the Dolores Olmedo Museum in Mexico City. This Surrealist artwork powerfully conveys urban isolation and emotional turmoil. Kahlo’s use of symbolic imagery and her ability to communicate profound emotional states have contributed to the painting’s enduring fame.

87. Four Trees (1917) by Egon Schiele

Photograph: courtesy CC/Wikimedia/The Yorck Project 

Egon Schiele’s “Four Trees,” painted in 1917 using watercolor and gouache on paper, is housed in the Leopold Museum, Vienna. Measuring approximately 32 x 45 cm (12.6 x 17.7 inches), as an Expressionist work, it displays Schiele’s signature distortions and emotive color palette, reflecting the anxiety and intensity of the era. The painting’s innovative style and Schiele’s unique artistic vision have solidified its significance.

88. Avenue of Schloss Kammer Park (1912) by Gustav Klimt

Photograph: courtesy CC/Wikimedia/

Gustav Klimt’s “Avenue of Schloss Kammer Park,” created in 1912 using oil on canvas, exemplifies Symbolism and Art Nouveau. Measuring approximately 110 x 110 cm (43.3 x 43.3 inches), this private collection piece harmoniously combines intricate patterns with a serene landscape, showcasing Klimt’s distinctive blend of symbolism and decorative art.

89. Flaming June by Sir Frederic Leighton

Photograph: courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Art Renewal Center

Created by the British artist Sir Frederic Leighton in 1895, “Flaming June” is a masterpiece of the Victorian era. This stunning oil painting, measuring 120.7 x 120.7 cm (47.5 x 47.5 inches), showcases Leighton’s exceptional skill in capturing the female form and drapery. The artwork, characterized by its vibrant orange and red hues, portrays a woman reclining in a state of peaceful slumber. “Flaming June” is celebrated for its exquisite use of color and the dreamlike quality it imparts to the subject.

90. Looking Down Yosemite Valley – Albert Bierstadt

Photograph: courtesy CC/Wikimedia/

“Looking Down Yosemite Valley” by Albert Bierstadt, painted in 1865, is a captivating example of landscape realism. Created with oil on canvas, this masterpiece measures 117.5 x 203.2 cm (46.25 x 80 inches) and portrays the awe-inspiring beauty of Yosemite Valley in California, USA. Bierstadt’s meticulous attention to detail and his skillful use of light capture the grandeur of the American West, making this painting a celebrated representation of natural splendor.

91. Birds of America – John James Audubon

Photograph: Courtesy CC/wikimedia/Rawpixel

John James Audubon’s “Birds of America,” produced from 1827 to 1838, stands as a remarkable feat of ornithological illustration and artistry. Using hand-colored etchings and engravings, Audubon meticulously depicted North American bird species in life-sized prints, with each print measuring approximately 66 x 100 cm (26 x 39 inches). This monumental work not only showcases Audubon’s dedication to scientific accuracy but also his artistic flair, contributing significantly to the study of wildlife and setting a standard for naturalistic representation.

92. Road Near Mont Sainte-Victoire – Paul Cezanne

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia

Paul Cezanne’s “Road Near Mont Sainte-Victoire,” painted between 1904 and 1906, is an exemplary piece of Post-Impressionism. This oil on canvas artwork, measuring 59.7 x 72.4 cm (23.5 x 28.5 inches), captures the scenic landscape of Provence, France. Cezanne’s distinctive style is evident in his exploration of form and color, laying the foundation for future artistic movements such as Cubism. The painting’s geometric shapes and vibrant palette demonstrate Cezanne’s revolutionary approach to depicting reality.

93. In the Ladies’ Enclosure by Amrita Sher-Gil

Photograph: Courtesy

“In the Ladies’ Enclosure” by Amrita Sher-Gil, completed in 1938, is a significant work within the realm of modern Indian art. Executed with oil on canvas, this piece, measuring 158 x 90.2 cm (62.2 x 35.5 inches), captures Sher-Gil’s profound connection to her Indian heritage. Sher-Gil’s fusion of Western techniques with Indian themes characterizes the Modernist movement. The painting’s contemplative portrayal of women in a poignant moment reflects both Sher-Gil’s artistic prowess and her role in shaping the trajectory of Indian art.

94. Glow of Hope by S L Haldanka

Photograph: Courtesy

“Glow of Hope” by S L Haldanka is an oil on canvas Indian art that radiates serenity and optimism. While details about the painting’s creation and size are not specified, Haldanka’s masterful use of light and shadow infuses everyday scenes with a sense of tranquility. This contemporary realist approach creates an uplifting ambiance, inspiring viewers with a hopeful perspective.

95. Indian Summer by Józef Chełmoński

Photograph: Courtesy Google Arts & Culture

“Indian Summer” by Józef Chełmoński, painted in 1875, captures the fleeting beauty of a Polish countryside during an idyllic autumn. Measuring 101 x 74.5 cm (39.8 x 29.3 inches), this realist masterpiece is executed in oil on canvas. Chełmoński’s attention to detail and naturalistic style depict the warmth and vibrancy of the season. Through this artwork, Chełmoński showcases the splendor of nature and evokes a sense of nostalgia, making “Indian Summer” a celebrated representation of his artistic vision.

96. Self-Portrait in the Green Bugatti Painting by Tamara de Lempicka

Photograph: Courtesy Reddit

Tamara de Lempicka’s “Self-Portrait in the Green Bugatti” is a captivating depiction from the Art Deco era. Painted in 1929, this oil-on-canvas masterpiece portrays the artist as a confident, stylish figure in a vibrant green Bugatti. The painting’s sleek lines and bold colors exemplify the spirit of the Roaring Twenties. Measuring approximately 60 x 95 cm (23.6 x 37.4 inches), the artwork radiates modernity and Lempicka’s distinctive style, making her a prominent figure in the world of Art Deco.

97. Lady with an Ermine by Leonardo da Vinci

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Frank Zöllner

Leonardo da Vinci’s “Lady with an Ermine” is a Renaissance gem painted around 1489–1490. Created with oil on walnut wood, this portrait exudes da Vinci’s mastery of light and shadow. The subject, Cecilia Gallerani, holds an ermine, symbolizing her purity. Measuring approximately 54 x 39 cm (21.2 x 15.3 inches), the painting showcases da Vinci’s attention to detail and psychological insight, making it a timeless example of Renaissance portraiture.

98. Stańczyk by Jan Matejko

Photograph: Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/

Jan Matejko’s “Stańczyk” is a significant work in Polish art history, completed in 1862. An oil-on-canvas masterpiece measuring approximately 121 x 85 cm (47.6 x 33.4 inches), it portrays Stańczyk, a 16th-century court jester, in a moment of reflection. Matejko captures a blend of history and emotion, highlighting Poland’s complex past. The painting’s realistic detail and historical depth place it firmly within the realm of Realism.

99. Violin and Candlestick by Georges Braque

Photograph: courtesy

Georges Braque’s “Violin and Candlestick” is a remarkable example of Cubism, created around 1910. This oil-on-canvas painting, measuring approximately 92 x 73 cm (36.2 x 28.7 inches), deconstructs objects into geometric forms and shattered perspectives. Braque’s innovative approach, developed in collaboration with Picasso, revolutionized art. “Violin and Candlestick” embodies the essence of Cubism, challenging traditional representation and paving the way for modern abstraction.

100. Still Life with Skull by Paul Cézanne

Photograph: courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Paul Cézanne

Paul Cézanne’s “Still Life with Skull” is a testament to his post-impressionist vision. Painted around 1898–1900, this oil-on-canvas artwork measures approximately 46 x 55 cm (18.1 x 21.7 inches). Cézanne’s exploration of color, form, and texture is evident in this composition, where a skull rests upon a cloth alongside fruits. The painting exemplifies Cézanne’s influence on modern art and his role in bridging Impressionism and Cubism.

101. The Luncheon on the Grass, Edouard Manet

Photograph courtesy: CC/Wikimedia/

Edouard Manet’s “The Luncheon on the Grass” caused a stir in 1863 due to its provocative subject. This large-scale oil-on-canvas painting measures approximately 208 x 264 cm (82 x 104 inches). Depicting a nude woman picnicking with clothed men, the artwork challenges traditional norms. Its daring composition and departure from idealized depictions marked a pivotal moment in art history, giving rise to the Impressionist movement.

102. Bunch of Asparagus and The Asparagus by Edouard Manet

Photograph: courtesy CC/Wikimedia/user:Rlbberlin

Edouard Manet’s “Bunch of Asparagus” and “The Asparagus” are still-life masterpieces from 1880. These oil-on-canvas paintings, each measuring approximately 16 x 24 cm (6.3 x 9.4 inches), exhibit Manet’s keen observation and innovative technique. The depictions of ordinary objects, rendered with exquisite detail and luminosity, elevate the mundane to the realm of art. Manet’s influence on modern art is evident in these meticulously crafted works.

103. Adoration of the Mystic Lamb/ “Ghent Altarpiece” by Jan and Hubert van Eyck

Photograph: courtesy Hubert Eyck/The Bridgeman Art Library/Getty Images

Jan and Hubert van Eyck’s “Adoration of the Mystic Lamb,” also known as the “Ghent Altarpiece,” is a remarkable 15th-century polyptych. Created with oil on panel, this monumental artwork measures approximately 350 x 461 cm (137.8 x 181.5 inches) when fully opened. The altarpiece’s intricate panels depict biblical scenes and ornate details, showcasing the van Eyck brothers’ mastery of oil painting and their pivotal role in the Northern Renaissance.

104. UNTITLED, 1982 by Jean-Michel Basquiat

Photograph: courtesy

This vibrant artwork, created by American artist Jean-Michel Basquiat in 1982, is characterized by his signature graffiti-style. Measuring approximately 183 x 173 cm (72 x 68 inches) and painted with acrylic and oilstick on canvas, the piece showcases Basquiat’s exploration of complex themes. As an influential figure in the Neo-expressionist movement, Basquiat’s work often features a fusion of text, symbols, and cultural references, offering a striking critique of social issues. His Haitian and Puerto Rican heritage and his immersion in the downtown New York art scene deeply influenced his groundbreaking oeuvre.

105. Mecca by Jean-Michel Basquiat

Photograph courtesy:

Jean-Michel Basquiat’s “Mecca,” painted in 1982, is an evocative exploration of his unique visual language. Measuring around 229 x 229 cm (90 x 90 inches), this acrylic and oilstick on canvas piece showcases Basquiat’s fusion of street art, abstraction, and symbolism. As a leading figure in the 1980s art scene, Basquiat’s work often tackled themes of race, identity, and society, attracting attention for its raw energy and profound depth. His Haitian and Puerto Rican heritage further enriched his artistic voice, making “Mecca” a striking example of his impactful oeuvre.

Notably, the painting is currently owned by the Brooklyn-born rap impresario Jay-Z (Sean Carter) and his wife, visionary performer Beyonce. He acquired the artwork for $4.5 million at a Sotheby’s auction in Manhattan, solidifying his affinity for the late graffiti artist and fellow Brooklyn native.

106. Sea off Satta in Suruga Province by Hiroshige

Photograph courtesy:

Hiroshige’s “Sea off Satta in Suruga Province,” part of the renowned “Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji” series from the 19th century, demonstrates the exquisite beauty of Japanese woodblock prints. Crafted in the ukiyo-e style, this artwork measures approximately 25 x 38 cm (9.8 x 15 inches) and captures a serene maritime scene. The delicate interplay of color and meticulous details reflect Hiroshige’s mastery of printmaking. His ability to depict nature’s tranquility and human connection to it contributed to the enduring charm of this Edo period masterpiece.

107. Horse Fair by Rosa Bonheur

Photograph: courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Metropolitan Museum of Art

Rosa Bonheur’s “Horse Fair,” completed in 1855, is a remarkable example of her exceptional skill in animal portraiture. This massive oil-on-canvas painting, measuring about 244 x 507 cm (96 x 200 inches), captures the vitality of a bustling horse market. A trailblazing 19th-century French artist, Bonheur’s realistic approach and meticulous attention to detail imbue the artwork with a lifelike quality. Celebrated for challenging gender norms of her time, Bonheur’s dedication to naturalism and her powerful depiction of animal subjects secured her a prominent place in art history.

108. The Dogs Playing Poker by Cassius Marcellus Coolidge

Photograph: courtesy CC/Wikimedia/paintingMania

Painted by the American artist Cassius Marcellus Coolidge in the early 1900s, “The Dogs Playing Poker” series is a humorous and iconic representation of dogs engaged in a poker game. This series consists of 18 oil paintings, with the most famous one being “A Friend in Need” (above). Coolidge’s playful and anthropomorphic depiction of dogs seated around a card table has become a pop culture phenomenon, symbolizing both whimsy and artistic satire. While not traditionally considered high art, these paintings have achieved immense fame for their quirky and relatable theme


109. Primavera by Sandro Botticelli

Photograph Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Google Arts & Culture

Painted by the Italian Renaissance master Sandro Botticelli in the late 15th century, “Primavera” is a timeless masterpiece that captures the essence of the season of spring. This large-scale tempera painting on wood panel is renowned for its allegorical and mythological themes, featuring various classical figures. At the center stands Venus, the Roman goddess of love, surrounded by mythological figures like Mercury and the Three Graces.

110.The Ladies Waldegrave by Joshua Reynolds

Photograph Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/nationalGalleries

Painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds, one of the leading portrait painters of the 18th century, “The Ladies Waldegrave” is an exquisite example of his artistry. Completed in 1780, this oil-on-canvas masterpiece depicts three aristocratic sisters: Charlotte, Elizabeth, and Anna Waldegrave. Known for his exceptional skill in capturing the grace and elegance of his sitters, Reynolds portrays the sisters with poise and sophistication, showcasing their intricate clothing and detailed surroundings.

111. Susanna And The Elders by Artemisia Gentileschi

Photograph Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Web Gallery of Art

“Susanna and the Elders” by Artemisia Gentileschi is a captivating portrayal of the biblical story of Susanna, a virtuous woman wrongly accused of adultery. Painted in the early 17th century during the Baroque era, this oil-on-canvas masterpiece measures 170 x 121 cm (67 x 47.6 inches). Artemisia, a pioneering female artist, skillfully captures Susanna’s vulnerability and the menacing presence of the two elders. The painting’s fame lies in its powerful portrayal of female strength and resilience, a reflection of Artemisia’s own experiences. Artemisia Gentileschi, an Italian Baroque artist, is celebrated for her exceptional talent and influence on the art world.

112. The Lady Of Shalott by John William Waterhouse

Photograph Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/famousPaintings

“The Lady of Shalott” by John William Waterhouse is a mesmerizing oil painting created in the 19th century. This artwork, measuring 153 x 200 cm (60 x 78.7 inches), beautifully captures the tragic scene from Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s poem of the same name. Set in the realm of Romanticism, the painting exudes a sense of mystery and longing as the Lady gazes from her tower, cursed to view the outside world only through a mirror. What makes it famous is Waterhouse’s masterful use of color and light, as well as his ability to convey the Lady’s isolation and yearning. John William Waterhouse, an English Pre-Raphaelite painter, brought this iconic literary figure to life with his skill and imagination.

113. Feast of the Rosary by Albrecht Dürer

Photograph Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Google Arts & Culture

Painted in 1506, “Feast of the Rosary” is a remarkable oil painting by the German artist Albrecht Dürer. This masterpiece, now housed in the National Gallery in Prague, Czech Republic, exemplifies the Northern Renaissance style. Measuring approximately 31.5 x 31.3 inches (80 x 79.5 cm), the painting was originally commissioned the artwork was created to be displayed at San Bartolomeo church in Venice. It portrays the Virgin Mary at the center, enthroned and holding the Christ Child, with two flying angels holding an elaborated royal crown made of gold, pearls, and gems over her. Described as “probably the most superb painting that a German master has ever created” by Czechoslovakian art historian Jaroslav Pešina, this artwork has earned renown for its intricate details, composition, and the exquisite play of light and shadow.

114. The Seed Of Areoi by Paul Gauguin

Photograph Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/Wikipedia Loves Art photo pool

Painted in 1892, “The Seed of Areoi” is a captivating work by the French Post-Impressionist artist Paul Gauguin. This masterpiece, currently housed in the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, showcases Gauguin’s distinctive style and exploration of exotic themes. The painting measures approximately 28.74 x 36.22 inches (73 x 92 cm). It portrays a scene from Gauguin’s time in Tahiti, featuring figures from Polynesian mythology, including a seated Areoi with a child. Gauguin’s use of vibrant colors and bold lines reflects his fascination with the culture and landscape of Tahiti. This painting is celebrated for its unique blend of European and Polynesian influences, offering viewers a glimpse into Gauguin’s artistic vision during his time in the South Pacific.

115.The Kiss by Francesco Hayez

Photograph Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/The Yorck Project

Painted in 1859 by the Italian Romantic artist Francesco Hayez, “The Kiss” is a renowned masterpiece that epitomizes the Romantic era. This oil painting, measuring approximately 110 x 88 cm (43 x 34 inches), currently resides in the Pinacoteca di Brera in Milan, Italy. The artwork captures a passionate embrace between a young couple amidst a political tumultuous backdrop, symbolizing the spirit of Italian unification during the 19th century. Hayez’s use of rich colors and dramatic lighting evokes deep emotion and adds to the painting’s allure. “The Kiss” is celebrated not only for its artistic excellence but also for its role in Italian cultural history, serving as a powerful representation of love and patriotism during a pivotal period in the country’s history.

116. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Andrews by Thomas Gainsborough

Photograph Courtesy CC/Wikimedia/ Thomas Gainsborough – Mr and Mrs Andrews.jpg

Painted in 1748-1750 by the English portrait and landscape artist Thomas Gainsborough, “Mr. and Mrs. Robert Andrews” is a remarkable example of 18th-century portraiture. This oil painting, measuring approximately 69.8 x 119.4 cm (27.5 x 47 inches), is currently housed in the National Gallery in London, UK. The artwork depicts the newlyweds, Robert Andrews and Frances Carter, amidst the idyllic English countryside on their family estate in Suffolk. Gainsborough’s skillful use of light and lush landscape background captures the essence of the British landed gentry during the Georgian era. “Mr. and Mrs. Robert Andrews” is celebrated for its detailed portrayal of rural aristocracy and its contribution to the development of English portraiture.

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